At the end of ‘60s, in the same time with the re-creation of the Romanian aviation industry, three major milestones were established in the field of design of military jets – the design and production of a subsonic close-air support aircraft, which became IAR-93 -the first postwar combat aircraft built in Romania, a combat – capable jet trainer - the IAR-99, and finally a supersonic fighter.
Capabilities for advanced research were created during the '70s within the former INCREST (now inherited by INCAS), and these included a Mach 3 capable wind tunnel.
In late '70s, the initial studies for the IAR-95 supersonic fighter were started, under the leadership of Dipl.Eng. Dumitru Badea. IAR-95 was a lightweight aircraft, with a single-engine configuration. The design required an engine thrust of 54 kN dry and 91 kN with afterburner, respectively.
The aircraft was a high wing monoplane with side air intakes. One of the proposed designs featured two fins.
Although the structural design of IAR-95 was in a quite advanced stage, the lack of availability of a suitable powerplant led to the cancellation of the initial IAR-95 project in 1981.
IAR-95 technical data:Length overall: 14.75 mHeight overall: 4.95 mWing Span: 8.7 mWing area, gross: 26 m²Wing sweep at quarter chord: 35 deg.Empty weight: 6800 kgMaximum take-off weight: 10000 kg
The supersonic fighter program was restarted in early '80s under the leadership of CoI.Eng. Constantin Rosca. The first layout of the new design was named IAR-101 and had the general layout similar to the early IAR-95, but had a thicker fuselage, four hardpoints under the wings.
The next step was IAR-S, several models were built and tested in the wind tunnel. Those were either with a single engine or with single fin, two engines and two fins, single and two-seater. The single engine two-seater was presented as a multirole aircraft. The model of this last IAR-S layout is still kept today in the entry hall of INCAS.
The programme was very ambitious and posed a real challenge for the Romanian aviation industry. In order to test the capabilities to produce such an aircraft, the decision was taken to build first the IAR-95ME technology demonstrator
The demonstrator had to be built in I.Av. Bucharest in Bãneasa (today Romaero S.A.), and a special branch of INCREST was moved to new facilities created in the neighbourhood of the factory. This time the aircraft reached the detailed design stage, but in 1988, due to financial reasons the whole programme was definitively cancelled.
IAR-95 ME technical dataLength: 16.0 mWing span: 9.3 mHeight: 5.45 mWing area: 27.9 m²Empty weight: 7,880 kgMax T-O weight: 15,200 kgWeapons max. load: 3,200 kgPowerplant: One Tumansky R-29-300 turbojet rated at 122kN with afterburner